The launch of three mega urban schemes in India, i.e., Smart Cities Mission, Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT), and Housing for All in urban areas, will set in motion the process of urban transformation to enable better living. The missions are new, innovative and focused on pressing needs to improve the quality of life for citizens today, and in the future.
Currently, 31% of India’s population live in cities, and generate 63% of the nation’s economic activity. Urban population numbers are increasing rapidly, with almost half of India’s population projected to live in cities by 2030. India’s continued economic growth will be driven by this process.
The core infrastructure elements are: Adequate water supply, Assured electricity supply, Sanitation, including solid waste management, Efficient urban mobility and public transport, Affordable housing especially for the poor, Robust IT connectivity and digitalization, Good governance especially e-Governance and citizen participation, Sustainable environment, Storm water drains to reduce flooding, Pedestrians, non-motorized and public transport facilities and parking spaces, Safety and security of citizens, particularly women, children and the elderly, and Health and education.
Future roadmap for Smart Cities in India
100 smart cities: The government has allocated an outlay of Rs 98,000 crore (US$ 15,329.26 million) to execute 100 smart cities, and the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT), which is an urban rejuvenation programme for 500 towns and cities in next 5 years.