India has signed bilateral Science and Technology (S&T) Cooperation Agreements with more than 70 countries to encourage, develop and facilitate collaborative activities between the two countries in S&T in the fields of common interest and mutual benefit. Within the context of the S&T agreements with certain countries, funding mechanisms have been streamlined, through which universities / colleges, research organizations and industry may seek support for joint bilateral research and development (R&D) projects.
For some of these countries, presently GITA, on behalf of the Department of Science & technology, Government of India extends financial support in the form of soft loans/grant to the Indian Applicant for joint R&D, scientist exchange programmes etc. depending on rules and regulations of individual guidelines. Counterpart agencies implement the programme in the partnering country.
Collaborative research is planned research or critical investigation aimed at the discovery of new knowledge, with the objective that such knowledge may be useful in developing new knowledge, products, processes or services, or in bringing about a significant improvement to existing knowledge, products, processes or services. The main objective of the Joint R&D programme is to stimulate, promote and support Industrial and Institutional R&D for the mutual benefit of Indian and international counterpart. The fundamental principles of joint R&D programmes are:
- Scientific and technological excellence
- Shared benefits
- Prospects for economic returns
- Protection of intellectual property
- Respect for the applicable laws and regulations in the two countries and
- Peaceful uses